People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna u bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
To get more information about U Bahn Plan Wien check this popular site: read